Monday, August 3, 2020

Mindfulness-Based Relationship Enhancement Benefits

Mindfulness-Based Relationship Enhancement Benefits Relationships Print Understanding Mindfulness-Based Relationship Enhancement By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Updated on October 20, 2019  Getty / Adam Berry / Stringer More in Relationships Spouses & Partners LGBTQ Violence and Abuse In This Article Table of Contents Expand Defining Mindfulness What Is MBRE? MBRE Techniques Benefits Research Practicing at Home View All Back To Top Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement (MBRE) is a set of techniques used with couples who are already content with each other (i.e. not in distress) to help strengthen coping skills related to stress within the relationship. All couples will face life challenges and stressors in their lifetime. As these difficult periods of life emerge, it is helpful for couples to have skills that promote working together and positive, adaptive coping strategies. That is where mindfulness-based relationship enhancement comes in. MBRE has been shown to be effective for boosting stress coping skills, increasing personal well-being, improving relationship happiness, and increasing stress management skills. The ultimate goal of mindfulness-based relationship enhancement is to learn how to be present in the moment, accepting of whatever challenges you are facing individually and as a couple, and taking your time reacting and making decisions to avoid the negative impact of hasty choices made in the heat of the moment. Defining Mindfulness Before we start to understand mindfulness-based relationship enhancement, it is helpful to take a step back and learn a bit about the concept of mindfulness. Mindfulness refers to being in a state of focused attention and awareness of your present experience. It also involves being curious, open, and accepting of that experience. When you are acting mindfully, you dont immediately react to thoughts or emotions that pass through your mind. Instead, you act as a non-judging observer who explores and acknowledges feelings without immediately reacting. In this way, the roots of mindfulness lie in Buddhist or Zen meditation. How does mindfulness help you? When you learn to practice mindfulness, you are learning how to cope in all of the different areas of your life. Rather than being a skill, mindfulness is a way of approaching life and the world. Mindfulness makes all things in life more pleasant, it helps you to think more clearly, aids in being in the moment, and increases your ability to cope with stressful events. Mindfulness Meditation: How Do I Do It? What Is Mindfulness-Based Relationship Enhancement? Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement is simply the extension of mindfulness techniques to the relationship realm. MBRE has the same purpose as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), founded by American professor of medicine Jon Kabat-Zinn, except that it is applied to couples. Instead of allowing disagreements to escalate, which can happen when couples react in haste or out of anger or anxiety, MBRE teaches couples how to prevent and diffuse disagreements and conflict. 4 Components of MBRE There are four main areas on which MBRE is based as follows:Mindfulness: Learning to be non-judging of all experiences in the present moment (good and bad). This means experiencing present-moment awareness but not reacting to it.Acceptance: Learning to accept experiences as they are, which leads to increased compassion and empathy for yourself and your partner.Relaxation: Learning to generate the relaxation response, which helps to manage stress and improve feelings of well-being, clarity, and the ability to remain calm.Self-broadening: Developing a greater sense of trust, connection, and love for everyone. MBRE also involves gaining insight into your own patterns of interactions in your relationship, and feelings and thoughts. It could be that you and your spouse have each fallen into negative ways of thinking or interacting with each other that could be improved. Whats the advantage of mindfulness in a relationship? In general, being mindful as a couple means not getting caught up in both the little annoyances of life, as well as not being overwhelmed by the larger life challenges. It means being flexible and non-judgemental, accepting differences, being less reactive, and being more objective. All of these qualities, both on a personal level and as a couple, will serve you well in facing the world togetherâ€"as well as simply spending time with one another. MBRE Techniques The following are mindfulness-based relationship enhancement techniques that may be used as part of this set of strategies. Partner-focused loving-kindness meditation: Loving-kindness meditation is focused on care and concern for yourself and others. It involves learning to feel pure love and opening up your mind and heart to your partner. It also reflects selflessness and breaking down barriers.Learning to be mindful of daily pleasant events: This technique involves becoming open to the present moment in a non-judging way. This allows us to notice the smaller things in life that we may not normally notice. It also promotes gratitude and being thankful for pleasant experiences.Improving intimacy through mindful touching and eye-gazing: Mindful touching and eye gazing involve touching your partner or looking into your partners eyes and noticing whatever you feel in the moment. Benefits What are the established benefits of mindfulness-based relationship enhancement? There is robust and growing scientific evidence to support the positive effects of the use of mindfulness in improving relationships. Some of the many benefits of MBRE include: Increased relationship satisfactionIncreased acceptance of ones partnerImproved individual well-beingLowered relationship distressIncreased self-reported empathyIncreased ability to respond to relationship stressImproved emotional stress responsesImprovements in perceptions of the relationship (before and after disagreements)More adaptive communication stylesImproved relaxation responseDevelopment of a buffer against chronic stressCalming of emotional arousal Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement can involve using strategies individually (such as practicing mindfulness on your own) or as a couple. These strategies allow you to become better in tune with yourself and your partner, to increase your empathy, and see problems that arise as challenges to be overcome rather than as threats to your relationship. Think of the last time you found yourself upset in your relationship. Chances are that instead of collaboration and understanding, one or both of you were upset and being confrontational. While stress can lead to conflict and negative emotions, when you practice mindfulness, you will experience compassion and acceptance in the moment, which will improve outcomes for your relationship. Could Negativity Be Hurting Your Marriage? Research A 2004 study in the journal Behavior Therapy investigated the use of mindfulness-based relationship enhancement to enhance the relationships of couples who were happy and not in distress. The study showed that there were positive outcomes of MBRE in the following areas. In addition, all of these benefits continued to show at a 3-month follow-up in the study. Benefits for Couples Enhanced relationship satisfaction Improved autonomy Improved relatedness Increased closeness Increased acceptance of each other Lower relationship distress Benefits for Individuals Increased optimism Enhanced spirituality Improved relaxation Reduced psychological distress A 2015 phenomenological study published in the Journal of Marital and Family Therapy investigated the impact of a relationship enhancement program for couples expecting their first child. This program was called the 4-Week Mindful Transition to Parenthood Program and involved mindfulness practices and interpersonal activities with an aim of developing personal and interpersonal skills for being in tune with oneself and each other in a couple. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 13 couples and identified four areas of improvement after the mindfulness program: Positive change for individuals in terms of awareness and acceptanceImprovements in the couple relationship such as a deeper connection with each otherFeeling more prepared for the arrival of the baby and more confident as parentsMore involvement and better identification on the part of fathers These study findings highlight the benefits of MBRE in terms of positive enhancements for both individuals in the relationship as well as the couple as a whole unit. Practicing at Home How can you practice mindfulness-based relationship enhancement on your own at home? One way to do this is to draw on the techniques of MBRE on your own. Below is a list of quick mindfulness strategies that you can employ on your own as a couple to start adding mindfulness to your relationship. Disconnect. Put away your phones when you are together. Be in the moment and talk to each other.Listen actively. Rather than thinking about what you will say next, listen to what your partner says. Ask questions and be curious.Feel grateful. Notice the times when your partner makes you feel happy and feel gratitude for those moments.Be silent. Enjoy a bit of silence together. You dont always need to be talking to connect.Respond. Instead of reacting with anger or emotions, take a breath, and respond in a rational way to problems that come up or the challenges that you face together.Create a vision. Make a list of 10 to 20 ways that you want to interact with each other in the future, such as We support each others growth or We do something new or fun together once a month.Engage in caring behaviors. Ask your partner what things make them feel good, and make a commitment to do those special things on a regular basis. Examples might include buying flowers or holding hands.Daily apprecia tion. Make a habit of expressing appreciation for each other once a day. Take a moment free of distractions and describe to each other something that the other person did that made you feel good.See through new eyes. Slow down for a moment and see your partner through new eyes. Really notice things about your loved one that you take for granted, and fall in love all over again.Eye gazing. Take a few minutes and spend it gazing into each others eyes. This type of extended eye gaze increases oxytocin, which is the hormone that increases bonding.Embrace. When you first see each other at the end of the day, before you say anything, embrace without talking until the point that you feel both of you relaxing. This engages the vagus nerve, which helps induce the relaxation response.Breathe together. Practice mindful breathing together, in which you slow down in the inhale and exhale. This practice will also induce a relaxation response.Mindful conversation. When you talk to each other, prac tice being open-minded and non-judgmental. Whether you have a deep conversation or a good laugh, be present at the moment without reacting or judging.Be compassionate. See your partner in a compassionate way. In what ways has he or she suffered? See your partner not as an enemy but as a person needing compassion.Meditate together. Find a loving-kindness meditation or another type of meditation on Youtube and practice it together. One practice that a couple can do to grow closer, that is easy and  wholesome, is  mindfulness meditation.Mindful touching. Spend time touching each other in an intentional way, rather than mindlessly. Be aware of what you are doing and focus on the moment.Think before speaking. Before talking to your partner, take a moment to think about what you want to say and make sure that you are clear on what you want them to know and what result you want from the conversation. Also, be aware of how you are feeling in that moment. A Word From Verywell Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement has a long history and proven benefits to help you build a stronger and more resilient foundation as a couple. If you are already in a happy and positive relationship, MBRE may be helpful to prepare you for the life challenges you will eventually face, such as having children, job loss, financial difficulties, illness, etc. Whereas many couples may be thrown off by these events, through MBRE you will be better prepared to respond to each other in an adaptive way and be mindful of how your individual behavior affects your relationship and all areas of your life. How Imago Therapy Can Transform Your Relationship

Thursday, June 25, 2020

GEORGE SOROS investor, business magnate, philanthropist, and author - 825 Words

GEORGE SOROS: investor, business magnate, philanthropist, and author (Article Sample) Content: If there is someone who has left a positive mark in the world, then it must be George Soros who is an investor, business magnate, philanthropist, and an author. George Soros was born Budapest in the Kingdom of Hungary to Jewish parents August 12, 1930. His mother was Erzsà ©bet, and his father was Tivadar. He moved to England in 1947, three years after Nazi occupation in Hungary. The invasion resulted in the murder of over 500000 Hungarian Jews. This event is what motivated his future venture into philanthropy of ensuring a just and fair society because as a Jew, he experienced discrimination and intolerance firsthand. George Soros joined the London School of Economics and graduated with a Bachelor's, and later Master's in philosophy. His business career began by first work with various banks in England and United States of America. In 1969, Soros started his hedge fund called Double Eagle. He used the profits from Double Eagle to start another hedge fund, Soros Fun d Management in 1970. The name of Double Eagle was later to change to Quantum Fund. Soros' net worth as at May 2017 was 25.2 billion dollars. George Soros' philanthropy is perhaps the leading in the world especially if you look at the resources he has put in promoting of democracy. He began his philanthropy work in 1979 by giving scholarships to black South Africans during Apartheid regime. His funds have supported both individuals and organizations all over the world in fighting for freedom of expression, good governance, policy reform, transparency, humanitarian efforts, economic development, education, justice, and equality. His funds mostly support those discriminated because of who they are and those marginalized by the society such as gays, lesbians, sex workers and drug users. For example, he has supported groups representing the Roma people of Europe. Open Society Foundation formerly called Open Society Institute is one of the largest civil societies in the world founded by George Soros. Soros used his resourced to create the organization. He is also the chief financier. He established the Open Society Foundation when he realized that he had enough money to help others. Open Society Foundation funds civil societies across the world financially. Since its founding, it has reported over 11 billion dollars expenditure. Open Society Foundation works in almost 100 countries. In economic development, Soros has used a lot of his fortunes in projects geared towards eradicating poverty. He has donated more than 75 million dollars to Millennium Promise and Millennium Villages Project. The aim of the project ...

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Racial Profiling Is The Act Of Using Somebody Race

Racial profiling is the act of using somebody race as a key factor in deciding their character. Racial profiling has been one the leading cause of major incidents in today’s time. It’s been in the U.S. Criminal System for decades and now is reaching its peak. With people not feeling like they are being fairly treated, this society has turned into turmoil. Racial profiling can be minimized by educating the community concerning stereotypes in regards to ethnicity, national origin, and religion. Racial profiling evolved from police commonly stopping people because of their race rather than them breaking the law. It soon went from racial trafficking to dealing with drugs. Police felt like certain races dealt with a certain drug more than others. So in return, law enforcement started getting calls from other policeman and started using racial profiling as to assuming which race that might be held accountable for. Around the 1980s, policeman started using specific profiles w hich had to do with drugs, to make arrests on many big cases. As it easy seemed for law enforcements to do, it became a trend to use racial profiling in order to use less time to arrest suspects. As many â€Å"true† police officers would it say that’s choosing the easy way out, many found it very beneficial and effective. Many arrests have been made of innocent people who supposedly â€Å"fit the description† and they served many years while actually remaining innocent. On May 25th, 1975, two men by the names ofShow MoreRelatedEssay on Is Racial Profiling a Problem in our Society?1522 Words   |  7 PagesIs Racial Profiling a Problem in our Society? If a certain race, for example a white person robs a bank, is the whole white race held accountable? Now say a African American person decides to hijack a commercial plane and crash it into a city, because of this certain event, is the whole African American Community interrogated or under harassment, only by the reason of their skin color or cultural background? Or what about Arabs and Muslims, just because the Al-Qaeda was a mass-Arab organizationRead MoreA Negative Outlook On The Police Force1268 Words   |  6 Pages In the past several years there has been a negative outlook on how the police force are completing the tasks they are given. In some cases police are using excessive brute force to subdue their â€Å"perpetrator.† Glover stated â€Å"The targeting of people of color by law and law enforcement is an American tradition.† (P.11). With everything going around today with police officers and how they treat the people of color in our society I can see how t hat can be said. That statement can be applied to casesRead MoreOverview of Criminal Profiling Essay1264 Words   |  6 Pagespolice and federal cases. They work in several homicide cases involving rape, racial killings, brutal killings, and involving serial killers. They help make it easier for the police to find the right person by examining the crime scene. Being a criminal profiler is a tough job but with hard work and dedication it is a great career choice. A criminal profiler gives a description of what they think the suspect looks like and acts like. They do this by examining the scenes of where the victims were murderedRead MoreCrime Alerts : An Irksome And Flawed System1941 Words   |  8 Pagesproblem, it came across that there are many other people across this country who have also had similar encounters with controversy of the Clery Act. Crime alerts have been issued since 1990 subsequently to the murder and rape of Jeanne Clery. Jeanne Clery s traumatic death facilitated the family to lobby for revolutionary policy changes which created the Clery act of 1990. Clery’s policy states that every university that receives public funding must provide public records of campus crime, and send massRead MoreCrime Alerts : An Irksome And Flawed System1765 Words   |  8 Pagescompromising solution. Crime alerts have been issued since 1990 subsequently to the murder and rape of Jeanne Clery (Clerycenter.org). Jeanne Clery s traumatic death facilitated the family to lobby for revolutionary policy changes which created the Clery act of 1990 (Clerycenter.org). Clery’s policy states that every university that receives public funding must provide public records of campus crime, and send mass emails to students notifying them of criminal activity if their safety is at all a possibilityRead MoreThe Media s Influence On Society1167 Words   |  5 PagesDespite the element of using false advertisement or infringement, society is charmed by the sense of exhilaration that is generated by the media. Yet civilization remain uncomprehending to the natural effect that the media leaves printed on them. The media is one of the largest and main sources to express ethnocentrism which leads to stereotyping, while intensifying and supporting the fact of self-consciousness. However societ y is partially to blame for the gossip and wrongful act of civilization inRead MoreTolerance Towards Others1750 Words   |  7 PagesTolerance, as defined in the dictionary, is a fair and permissive attitude toward those who race, religion, nationality, etcetera, differs from ones own. In todays society we misuse the word tolerance. In such examples as, I am very tolerable of so-and-so. So to emphasize the true meaning of tolerance, society should look at the events that took place in history. There has been no tolerance in races, religions, and other characteristics of human nature. In AD313 the Roman emperor Constantine theRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System Operates At Various Levels Throughout The United States3446 Words   |  14 Pagescombine to perform different tasks in order to properly enforce the law throughout the US. The judicial branch of the US contains the courts system, which enforces the law by punishing those who have committed illegal acts. The act by which a court executes its power and punishes somebody with some sort of consequence is referred to as a sentence (Greene, 2011, p.1). Throughout the history of the US, there have been many famous court cases where a defendant is either wrongfully convicted or given anRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesAttractions: Developing an OB Model 23 An Overview 23 †¢ Inputs 24 †¢ Processes 25 †¢ Outcomes 25 Summary and Implications for Managers 30 S A L Self-Assessment Library How Much Do I Know About Organizational Behavior? 4 Myth or Science? â€Å"Most Acts of Workplace Bullying Are Men Attacking Women† 12 An Ethical Choice Can You Learn from Failure? 24 glOBalization! Does National Culture Affect Organizational Practices? 30 Point/Counterpoint Lost in Translation? 31 Questions for Review 32 ExperientialRead MoreMarketing Management130471 Words   |  522 Pagesproductions people in creating products or services. The challenge of marketing is to generate that revenue by satisfying consumers wants at a profit and in a socially responsible manner. Marketing is not limited to business. Whenever you try to persuade somebody to do something you are engaging in marketing. Thus marketing has a broad societal meaning. In fact, the societal view is more truly descriptive of marketing today. Moreover, modern business marketing activities are to a large extent, a consequence

Monday, May 18, 2020

Sun Tzu’s Art of War and The Global War on Terror Essay

Art of War is one military tactical text that has survived for centuries. The author of the text, Sun Tzu left the world with knowledge to carry on for generations. Art of War is a compilation of Tzu’s military strategies, various principles passed down his ancestral clan, and Taoism for the world to study and understand (Galvin and Giles). The military strategist specializes in the manners in which a â€Å"small force can overcome a powerful enemy† (Galvin and Giles 15). These tactics have been demonstrated throughout history by various â€Å"underdogs;† during the Revolutionary War, WWI, and even today in the Global War on Terror (Galvin and Giles 21). This is why Tzu remains an important piece of literature for all to read. Tzu’s principles on†¦show more content†¦Sun Wu’s father; Chen Shu, was the last of Chen Wuyu’s sons, revered for his military prowess (Huang 17). Unfortunately, the greed of power consumed Chen Shu’s se cond brother; Chen Qi, and threatened the lives’ of the Chen; power became more important to Chen Qi than family (Huang 17). This led Chen Shu to send Sun Wu to the state of Wu for safe keeping (Huang 17). By this time, Sun Wu had reached adulthood and was knowledgeable in military studies (Huang 17). Upon his arrival to the state of Wu, Sun Wu met with the King of Wu to who looked favorably upon his â€Å"theories on military affairs† (Huang 18). After this meeting, Sun Tzu commanded troop discipline as well as assisted General Wu Zixu in devising a strategy of expansion for the King. Their strategy weakened and eventually led to the invasion of the state of Chu (Huang 18). After the death of King Helu, the new King did not hold the same respect for the tactics and knowledge of General Wu (Huang 15). This led to a great conflict and eventually led to General Wu committing suicide and Sun Wu’s father’s death. After Sun Tzu learned of this, he entered a li fe of seclusion until his death. While his life was relatively restless, Sun Tzu left his book for the world to study and implement (Huang 15). The beginnings of Sun Wu’s military training began with his clan; knowledgeable in the art of war, however; historians remain at odds as to how heShow MoreRelatedSun Tzu On Nature And Character Of 21st Century Warfare2528 Words   |  11 PagesSun Tzu on the Nature and Character of 21st Century Warfare Sun Tzu understood the nature of war as â€Å"the province of life or death,† and a â€Å"matter of vital importance to the state.†1 I agree. In my own experience, war awakens your primordial instincts and strips you of your self-rationalizations. Sun Tzu defined the character of war when he wrote, â€Å"water has no constant form, there are in war no constant conditions.†2 Accordingly, Sun Tzu’s principals of war offer a framework adequate to explainRead MoreThe Character Of 21st Century Warfare2508 Words   |  11 Pagescharacter is highly adaptive.1 Sun Tzu claimed â€Å"all warfare is based on deception.†2 Consequently, his principals of war offer a good framework to explain the character of 21st century warfare, which I rationalize as a near-continuous battle of ideologies fought through asymmetric means to advance the values and interests of state and non-state actors. I will first introduce contemporary evidence of 21st century warfare, and then select Sun Tzu’s principals of war – national unity, rational appraisalsRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 PagesBromwich has made. He played an important role in the diffusion of modern practices of capital investment appraisal in the United Kingdom. He has been constantly open to the insights which advances in economic theory can provide into the accounting art, in many areas pushing at the frontiers of international knowledge in his own quiet way. In the area of costing, Michael has undoubtedly deepened our understandings of both conceptual and practical issues, in recent years providing a voice of reason

Monday, May 11, 2020

Oedipus, A Liar, By Sophocles - 839 Words

In the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus remains blind throughout the play, both figuratively and literally. The play is about a man named Oedipus whose fate is to kill his father and marry his mother. His biological parents, knowing about the Oedipus’ prophecy, abandons him, and continue with their lives. However, Oedipus is saved, but spends his life running away from his adoptive parents (who he believed to be his biological parents), afraid that the prophecy may come true. As the audience knows, the prophecy has been fulfilled, however, Oedipus is oblivious to the truth. He often chooses to ignore the truth and remain figuratively blind to what everyone is trying to prove to him. He accuses Tiresias, the blind prophet, of being a liar, continuing to then unreasonably project his anger towards Creon . Once he finally opens his eyes to the truth, he decides to gouge out his eyes, becoming literally blind. Firstly, Oedipus accuses Tiresias of being a liar after trying to discuss the prophecy and tell Oedipus the truth. Tiresias is called in to help release the city from the plague. After some resistance, the prophet reveals that Oedipus is the murderer of Laius, angering Oedipus as Tiresias had predicted. Oedipus rejects Tiresias’ words, saying things such as â€Å"That obscenity, twice- by god, you’ll pay† (Pg.180, 414) as well as â€Å"Your words are nothing- futile† (Pg. 180, 416). His figurative blindness affects his judgement, causing him to not accept what Tiresias isShow MoreRelatedOedipus As A Tragic Hero1094 Words   |  5 PagesIn the play Oedipus the King, Oedipus struggles to accept the truth and lets his temper over power him. He can be displayed as a tragic hero. His refusal to accept the truth led to Oedipus’ down fall. A tragic hero, as defined by Aristotle, â€Å"is a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably le ads to his/her own destruction.† Sophocles’ Oedipus exemplifies Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero. In the play, Oedipus unknowingly has cursed the entire town of Thebes. He was cursedRead MoreAnalysis Of Antigone By Sophocles1074 Words   |  5 Pages create a sense of fear and pity in the audience that comes from unmerited adversity, and lastly, a tragic hero’s own death or great suffering must originate from their own flaws or errors in judgment (â€Å"Aristotle The Elements of Tragedy†). In Sophocles’ play â€Å"Antigone†, King Creon fits all the requirements of a tragic hero. Creon believed that his own decisions and rulings would benefit his kingdom for the better. However, his decisions and rulings end up leading to his downfall when Antigone decidesRead MoreEssay on Oedipus is to Blame in Oedipus the King625 Words   |  3 PagesOedipus is to Blame in Oedipus the King      Ã‚   In the story of Oedipus the King, Sophocles portrays the main character, Oedipus, as a good natured person that has bad judgment and frailty.   Oedipus makes a few bad decisions and is condemned to profound suffering because of his pride.   I agree with Aristotle that he brings it all on to himself because of his own personal pride.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   One day Oedipus finds out that there is a prophecy that depicts him killingRead MoreThroughout most famous Greek literature, a great hero usually saves the day. In the story of900 Words   |  4 PagesIn the story of Oedipus though, the good man with one minor flaw goes through great pain. This pain in the play Oedipus Rex is the focal point for the whole play. Almost every aspect of the play builds up and foreshadows Oedipus’ fall from power, and entry into pain. Sophocles in his tragedy Oedipus Rex creates a mood of dramatic irony using the dualities of sight and blindness, and light and darkness. This dramatic irony highlights Oedipus’ hamartia and in doing so Sophocles enhances his messageRead MoreOedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will Essay examples591 Words   |  3 PagesSophocles’ Oedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will In Oedipus the King, one of Sophocles’ most popular plays, Sophocles clearly depicts the Greek’s popular belief that fate will control a man’s life despite of man’s free will. Man was free to choose and was ultimately held responsible for his own actions. Throughout Oedipus the King, the concept of fate and free will plays an integral part in Oedipus destruction. Destined to marry his mother and murder his father, Oedipus was partly guidedRead More Boundaries of Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Oedipus the King1282 Words   |  6 PagesBoundaries of Fate and Free Will in Oedipus the King    The ancient Greeks firmly believed that the universe was guided strictly by order and fate. In Oedipus the King, Sophocles has examined the relationship between free will and fate, suggesting that free will paradoxically exists inside the boundaries of fate. It may be concluded, however, that man has free will and is ultimately held responsible for his own actions.    Oedipus destruction was brought about by a combination of fateRead MoreOedipus Rex: Classic Tragic Hero921 Words   |  4 PagesIn the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is a classic tragic hero. According to Aristotles definition, Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is a king whose life falls apart when he finds out his life story. There are a number of characteristics described by Aristotle that identify a tragic hero. For example, a tragic hero must cause his own downfall; his fate is not deserved, and his punishment exceeds the crime; he also must be of noble stature and have greatness. Oedipus is in love with hisRead MoreOedipus the King: Fate Vs Free Will Essay639 Words   |  3 Pages Oedipus the King, was written by Sophocles between C.A.496-406B.C. In this play, Oedipus is a great example of Sophocles’ belief that fate will control a man’s life no matter how much free will exists. Oedipus is a man of unflagging determination and perseverance, but one who must learn through the working out of a terrible prophecy that there are forces beyond any man’s conceptualization or control. Oedipus’ actions were determined before his birth, yet Oedipus’ actions are entirely determinedRead MoreOedipus The King Analysis1357 Words   |  6 PagesGreek play, Oedipus the King, shows how easy it is for a man to fall apart, while trying to make things right. Sophocles’ tragedy tells the story of Oedipus, a regular man turned king of Thebes. Throughout the tragedy, Oedipus searches for the cause of the chaos and havoc encompassing his land; however, he discovers that he is the one responsible for the hardships plaguing Thebes. As the tragedy continues, Sophocles’ exposes a dark side to power, fame, and ambition. Further, Sophocles’ exposes theRead More Oedipus Tyrannos by Sophocles1623 Words   |  7 PagesOedipus Tyrannos by Sophoc les Sophocles uses a mixture of both visual and emotional imagery to create the morally questioning, Greek tragedy ‘Oedipus Tyrannos’. He presents the audience with an intense drama, which addresses the reality and importance of the gods that the Greeks fervently believed in. The play also forces the audience to ask themselves if there is such a concept as fate.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  From the very beginning of Oedipus, it is made clear â€Å"that his destiny be one of fate and worse†

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analyzing Identity from all Aspects in Nature - 2372 Words

This essay is about identity and analyzing identity from all aspects in nature. I have a strong understanding on identity and how one’s identity can be derived from oneself and their surroundings. I am aware of such altercations because I myself am constantly changing my identity in order to fit in with different groups. For this reason I support the idea that society alters our identities and ultimately shapes the people that we are. For this reason my commentary on the essay will have more support on general ideas then the essay itself because I understand identity better on my own and without the support from the short stories. I plan to open this essay with a strong hook and a solid thesis statement that will continue to support my work throughout this essay. Due to the fact that I am writing this essay in one sitting and will not be able to add more ideas later I will unfortunately leave out salient ideas and thoughts that won’t occur to me now but will become more evident as I continue to ponder the idea of identity. As long as I get out my main ideas and support them with evidence from the text I will have a solid piece of work completed on identity. An identity is not permanent neither is it naturally constructed. Certain aspects of one’s identity are unchangeable such as their gender, religion, and family background. Even though a person is born with a definite gender some choose to change their gender and that is not included in previous statement. Other aspectsShow MoreRelatedSocial And Developmental Perspectives Of Psychology1446 Words   |  6 Pagescomponents and measurements that are commonly used to identify ethnic identity within groups. 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Christ in His Suffering and Death Free Essays

The death of Christ on the cross gives the meaning to all the undertakings of God.   In His sacrificial death Christ revealed the holiness, righteousness and love of God, and His infinite wisdom. Disputing the actual death of Christ and His resurrection is destructive for Christian faith. We will write a custom essay sample on Christ in His Suffering and Death or any similar topic only for you Order Now Many biblical passages predict the death of Christ and state or assume His actual death. Definition of Terms Atonement  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Guilt  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Penalty  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Reconciliation  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Righteousness  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Substitution Expiation  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Justice  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Propitiation  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Redemption  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Sanctification Forgiveness  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Justification  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Ransom  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Remission  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Satisfaction Theories of the Atonement There are principal theories of atonement, which arise from the disputes around the meaning of the death of Christ. 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Substitutional Atonement. 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Payment-to-Satan Theory. 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Recapitulation Theory. 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Commercial or Satisfaction Theory. 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Moral Influence Theory. 6.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Theory of Thomas Aquinas. 7.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Theory of Duns Scotus. 8.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Example Theory. 9.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Mystical Experience Theory. 10.   Governmental Theory of Grotius. 11.   Theory of Vicarious Confession. Although the upper theories have some aspects that can be recognized as having merit, the true concept of the death of Christ may be understood from the biblical passages that reveal the doctrines of redemption, reconciliation and propitiation, and the death of Christ thus is the substitutional or penal concept of the atonement. The doctrine of Redemption is an important aspect of the work of God in salvation accomplished by the death of Christ. The doctrine of redemption in Christ can be erected from the study of three words: agoraz?, lutro?, and peripoie?. Agoraz? (exagoraz?) is the basic word for redemption in the scripture and expresses the idea of purchasing Christians by Christ, and His death was the praise paid. Peripoie? means to save or to preserve one’s self, and lutro? has the meaning to rescue by paying a ransom. The study of redemption through Christ in the New Testament discloses clearly that the death of Christ was the praise He paid to God and thus purchased the sinner from the bondage of sin. The doctrine of Propitiation represents the idea that the death of Christ fully satisfied the demands of a righteous God in respect to judgment upon the sinner. The word is mentioned in both Testaments. Propitiation had a substitutional character and three important results. The doctrine of Reconciliation as one of the most important in theology is being discussed wildly and has four basic interpretations. Several biblical passages reveal that reconciliation effects the change in man which reconciles him to God: II Corinthians 5:17-21, Romans 5:6-11, Ephesians 2:16, Colossians 1:20-22. Reconciliation is provided to all men, but applied only to the elect when they believe. Those who reject the love and grace in Christ are still judged according to their work. Reconciliation is applied to the whole Universe. The work of reconciliation extends to the work of God on the behalf of the believer. Christ in His Resurrection The doctrine is essential for the whole Christian faith and theology. The resurrection of Christ is the first step in the series of the exaltation of Christ and His ministry as our Intercessor. Evidences for the resurrection of Christ are abundant. The Scriptures fully describe the appearances of Christ after resurrection to many people under different circumstances; therefore resurrection is a well-documented historical event. Between the evidences for the resurrection of Christ are the following. 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The empty tomb. 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The character of the human witnesses to the resurrection. 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The dramatic change in the disciples after the resurrection. 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The disciple’s experience of the divine power in the postresurrection period. 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The events of the day of Pentecost. 6.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The evidence in the custom of observing the first day of the week. The Origin of Christian Church The foundation of the Christian church in the first century, its convincing power and dynamic stemmed from the belief in the resurrection of Christ.  The Scriptures evidences the resurrection of the body of Christ, not only His resurrection in spiritual sense. His resurrection body was the same, though changed a little, that the one in the tomb and Scriptures evidence this fact. Who Raised Christ from Dead? The resurrection of Christ is the work of triune God.  The significance of the resurrection of Christ is underestimated in all branches of systematic theology. The major facets of the significance of the resurrection of Christ are: 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Proof of His person and His offices (Prophet, Priest, and King). 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Key to all of His present work. 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Consummation of the divine plan in the prophetic future. 1. The article â€Å"The nature of the atonement: how should one view the cross?† by Steve Sullivan emphasises the importance of understanding the doctrine of atonement and pays particular attention to the Payment-to-Satan and Recapitulation theories of atonement. According to classical views presented by Walvoord in â€Å"Jesus†, Payment-to-Satan theory is one of the earliest in the church and it is not held in modern times. This theory implies that Christ was paid to Satan as the ransom for sinner. Recapitulation Theory is based on the idea that Christ recapitulates all the phases of human life including being made sin in His death on the cross. Sullivan combines these theories, presents the short historical intercourse into each, and then upholds the point of view that merging some of these views one can capture the Word of Faith Movement (WFM) leaders’ view of Christ’s death. The WFM teachers assert that ‘Jesus took upon himself a satanic nature, died physically on the cross, suffered spiritual death in hell for us, and then was reborn (or born again) in hell and rose from the grave’. Therefore, when the believer is born again he becomes like Christ. Even from the short overview of the WFM ideas about one of the existing doctrines we can see how deep the interpretations of Bible can differ. I would recommend this article as it presents the view on the death and atonement of Christ and lets the reader to compare traditional catholic teaching with one of modern Christian branch’s views. This article is a good source for critical thinking evaluating. 2. The article â€Å"The Reality of Resurrection† by Darrell Young is focused on historical proofs of Christ resurrection. The resurrection of Christ is recognized equitable to be the most powerful event in all history. Further, the author cites numerous passages from the New and Old Testament concerning the prophecy of resurrection, its vital importance for the Christian faith, and its significance in the context of the Second Coming. I would recommend this article as a rich source of historical approach to resurrection and to some questions related to the doctrine of resurrection, such as resurrection of believers during the Second Coming, the resurrected bodies of believers, the time of resurrection and others. The Bibliography Sullivan, Steve. The Nature of the Atonement: How should One View the Cross? – Part–I [on-line]. Ankerberg Theological Research Institute; available from http://www.ankerberg.com/Articles/_PDFArchives/theological-dictionary/TD1W0600.pdf; Internet; accessed 9 November 2005                How to cite Christ in His Suffering and Death, Essay examples